In 2013, approximately 17,990 Americans will be diagnosed with esophageal cancer. Risk factors vary for each site and may include age, gender, family history, diet, activity level, alcohol consumption and tobacco use. Talk to your doctor about understanding your risk factors.
Screening is not generally recommended for these types of cancers. However, individuals with a history of Barrett’s esophagus may have endoscopic exams with biopsies for screening.
Esophageal cancer can be treated either by surgery or by combining radiation with chemotherapy. Sometimes, radiation and/or chemotherapy is given before surgery for esophageal cancer.
Radiation may also be used, with or without chemotherapy, to relieve pain in more advanced disease.